Charles V, called the Wise, was King of France from 1364 to his death. His reign marked an early high point for France during the Hundred Years' War, with his armies recovering much of the territory held by the English, and successfully reversed the military losses of his predecessors. Charles became regent of France when his father John II was captured by the English at the Battle of Poitiers in 1356. To pay for the defense of the kingdom, Charles raised taxes. As a result, he faced hostility from the nobility, led by Charles the Bad, King of Navarre; the opposition of the French bourgeoisie, which was channeled through the Estates-General led by Étienne Marcel; and with a peasant revolt known as the Jacquerie. Charles overcame all of these rebellions, but in order to liberate his father, he had to conclude the Treaty of Brétigny in 1360, in which he abandoned large portions of south-western France to Edward III of England and agreed to pay a huge ransom. Charles became king in 1364.
|Born:||21 January 1338, Vincennes, France|
|Died:||September 16, 1380, Beauté-sur-Marne, France|
|Burial:||26 September 1380, Saint Denis Basilica|
|Issue, more...:||Charles VI of France, Louis I, Duke of Orléans, Catherine of Valois|
|Father:||John II of France|
|Mother:||Bonne of Bohemia|
About Charles V of France
King of France from 1364 to 1380 who helped reclaim many territories lost to the British in the 100 Years' War. However, he was succeeded by his son Charles VI, who went on to lose most of the land that his father had regained .
Charles V of France Before Fame
He was a stark contrast to his father because of his weak stature.
Achievement of Charles V of France
He suffered from gout and abscesses that led to his death at a fairly early age.
Charles V of France Family Life
His parents were Prince John II and Princess Bonne.
Associations of Charles V of France
Much like him, Henry VIII was a monarch with absolute power.
Information related to Charles V of France
- Dauphins of France
- Dauphins of Viennois
- Ancien Régime in France
- 14th-century peers of France
- House of Valois
- Burials at the Basilica of St Denis
- Male Shakespearean characters
- People of the Hundred Years' War
- 14th-century French people