Eric Allan Dolphy Jr. was an American jazz alto saxophonist, bass clarinetist and flautist. On a few occasions, he also played the clarinet and piccolo. Dolphy was one of several multi-instrumentalists to gain prominence around the time that he was active. His use of the bass clarinet helped to establish the instrument within jazz. Dolphy extended the vocabulary and boundaries of the alto saxophone, and was among the earliest significant jazz flute soloists. His improvisational style was characterized by the use of wide intervals, in addition to employing an array of extended techniques to emulate the sounds of human voices and animals. He used melodic lines that were "angular, zigzagging from interval to interval, taking hairpin turns at unexpected junctures, making dramatic leaps from the lower to the upper register." Although Dolphy's work is sometimes classified as free jazz, his compositions and solos were often rooted in conventional tonal bebop harmony.
|Birth name||Eric Allan Dolphy Jr.|
|Born||June 20, 1928, Los Angeles, California, United States|
|Died||June 29, 1964, Berlin, Germany|
|Genres||Jazz, avant-garde jazz, post-bop, third stream, free jazz|
|Occupation(s)||Bandleader, saxophonist, flautist, bass clarinetist, composer, sideman|
|Instruments||Alto saxophone, bass clarinet, flute, soprano clarinet, baritone saxophone, piccolo|
|Labels||Impulse, Prestige, Transatlantic, Blue Note, Mercury|
|Associated acts||Charles Mingus, John Coltrane, Booker Little, Chico Hamilton, Mal Waldron, Ron Carter, Oliver Nelson, Ornette Coleman, Max Roach, John Lewis, Freddie Hubbard, George Russell, Ted Curson, Abbey Lincoln, Ken McIntyre, Andrew Hill, Benny Golson|
|IMDb||Eric Dolphy's IMDb|
Jazz flautist who came to prominence during the 1960s and who is considered the first important bass clarinet soloist in jazz. He also played instruments like clarinets and piccolos.
He learned the oboe in school and later performed locally as a member of bebop big bands led by Gerald Wilson and Roy Porter.
In 1962 he put a young pianist named Herbie Hancock onto one of his working bands.
Before his death he was engaged to be married to Joyce Mordecai, a classically trained dancer.
He was a frequent collaborator and friend of John Coltrane.
- Avant-garde jazz clarinetists
- American jazz bass clarinetists
- American jazz multi-instrumentalists
- Bass clarinetists
- American jazz alto saxophonists
- American jazz flautists
- Prestige Records artists
- 20th-century jazz composers
- Blue Note Records artists
- American jazz clarinetists
- Avant-garde jazz musicians
- African-American jazz musicians
- Jazz musicians from California
- American jazz composers
- 20th-century saxophonists
Latest information about Eric Dolphy updated on May 31 2021.