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Eric Dolphy

Eric Dolphy Fast Facts
Birthday ***, 1928
Place of Birth California
Death day June 29, 1964 (36 years old)
Zodiac Sign Gemini
 Astrology Birth Chart of Eric Dolphy
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Eric Dolphy

Eric Allan Dolphy Jr. was an American jazz alto saxophonist, bass clarinetist and flautist. On a few occasions, he also played the clarinet and piccolo. Dolphy was one of several multi-instrumentalists to gain prominence around the time that he was active. His use of the bass clarinet helped to establish the instrument within jazz. Dolphy extended the vocabulary and boundaries of the alto saxophone, and was among the earliest significant jazz flute soloists. His improvisational style was characterized by the use of wide intervals, in addition to employing an array of extended techniques to emulate the sounds of human voices and animals. He used melodic lines that were "angular, zigzagging from interval to interval, taking hairpin turns at unexpected junctures, making dramatic leaps from the lower to the upper register." Although Dolphy's work is sometimes classified as free jazz, his compositions and solos were often rooted in conventional tonal bebop harmony.

Birth name Eric Allan Dolphy Jr.
Born June 20, 1928, Los Angeles, California, United States
Died June 29, 1964, Berlin, Germany
Genres Jazz, avant-garde jazz, post-bop, third stream, free jazz
Occupation(s) Bandleader, saxophonist, flautist, bass clarinetist, composer, sideman
Instruments Alto saxophone, bass clarinet, flute, soprano clarinet, baritone saxophone, piccolo
Years active 1949–1964
Labels Impulse, Prestige, Transatlantic, Blue Note, Mercury
Associated acts Charles Mingus, John Coltrane, Booker Little, Chico Hamilton, Mal Waldron, Ron Carter, Oliver Nelson, Ornette Coleman, Max Roach, John Lewis, Freddie Hubbard, George Russell, Ted Curson, Abbey Lincoln, Ken McIntyre, Andrew Hill, Benny Golson
IMDb Eric Dolphy's IMDb

About Eric Dolphy

Jazz flautist who came to prominence during the 1960s and who is considered the first important bass clarinet soloist in jazz. He also played instruments like clarinets and piccolos.

Eric Dolphy before fame

He learned the oboe in school and later performed locally as a member of bebop big bands led by Gerald Wilson and Roy Porter.

Achievement of Eric Dolphy

In 1962 he put a young pianist named Herbie Hancock onto one of his working bands.

Eric Dolphy family life

Before his death he was engaged to be married to Joyce Mordecai, a classically trained dancer.

Associations of Eric Dolphy

He was a frequent collaborator and friend of John Coltrane.

Top Facts You Did Not Know About Eric Dolphy

  • Avant-garde jazz clarinetists
  • American jazz bass clarinetists
  • American jazz multi-instrumentalists
  • Bass clarinetists
  • American jazz alto saxophonists
  • American jazz flautists
  • Prestige Records artists
  • 20th-century jazz composers
  • Blue Note Records artists
  • American jazz clarinetists
  • Avant-garde jazz musicians
  • African-American jazz musicians
  • Jazz musicians from California
  • American jazz composers
  • 20th-century saxophonists

Latest information about Eric Dolphy updated on May 31 2021.