Franklin Pierce was the 14th president of the United States, a northern Democrat who saw the abolitionist movement as a fundamental threat to the unity of the nation. He alienated anti-slavery groups by supporting and signing the Kansas–Nebraska Act and enforcing the Fugitive Slave Act, yet he failed to stem conflict between North and South, setting the stage for Southern secession and the American Civil War. Pierce was born in New Hampshire, and served in the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate until he resigned from the Senate in 1842. His private law practice was a success, and he was appointed New Hampshire's U.S. Attorney in 1845. He took part in the Mexican–American War as a brigadier general in the Army. He was seen by Democrats as a compromise candidate uniting northern and southern interests and was nominated as the party's candidate for president on the 49th ballot at the 1852 Democratic National Convention.
|Born:||November 23, 1804, Hillsborough, New Hampshire, U.S.|
|Died:||October 8, 1869, Concord, New Hampshire, U.S.|
|Cause of death:||Cirrhosis of the liver|
|Relatives:||Benjamin Pierce (father), Benjamin Kendrick Pierce (brother)|
|Education:||Bowdoin College, Northampton Law School|
|Vice President:||William R. King, (Mar–Apr. 1853), None (1853–1857)|
|Preceded by:||Millard Fillmore|
|Succeeded by:||James Buchanan|
About Franklin Pierce
The 14th President of the United States, he faced criticism for being a "doughface," meaning a Northerner who sympathized with the South. His enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Act did little to dispel this reputation, and he is often ranked among the country's worst presidents.
He had a successful private law practice in New Hampshire that led to many professional opportunities, most of which he turned down.
He was well-liked personally, but severely unpopular as president as his later support for the Confederacy was a death knell to his reputation.
He fathered three sons with his wife, Jane Means Appleton, none of whom reached adolescence or lived to see their father become president.
Information related to Franklin Pierce
- Franklin Pierce Category
- Democratic Party Presidents of the United States
- Democratic Party (United States) presidential nominees
- Burials in New Hampshire
- Speakers of the New Hampshire House of Representatives
- Presidents of the United States
- Northampton Law School alumni
- United States Attorneys for the District of New Hampshire
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- Phillips Exeter Academy alumni
- American military personnel of the Mexican–American War