Franklin Pierce was the 14th president of the United States, serving from 1853 to 1857. A northern Democrat who believed that the abolitionist movement was a fundamental threat to the unity of the nation, he alienated anti-slavery groups by supporting and signing the Kansas–Nebraska Act and enforcing the Fugitive Slave Act, yet these efforts failed to stem conflict between North and South. The South eventually seceded and the American Civil War began in 1861. Pierce was born in New Hampshire. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate until his resignation in 1842. His private law practice was a success, and he was appointed New Hampshire's U.S. Attorney in 1845. He took part in the Mexican–American War as a brigadier general in the Army. He was seen by Democrats as a compromise candidate uniting Northern and Southern interests and was nominated as the party's candidate for president on the 49th ballot at the 1852 Democratic National Convention.
|Born:||November 23, 1804, Hillsborough, New Hampshire, U.S.|
|Died:||October 8, 1869, Concord, New Hampshire, U.S.|
|Cause of death:||Cirrhosis of the liver|
|Resting place:||Old North Cemetery, Concord, New Hampshire, U.S.|
|Relatives:||Benjamin Kendrick Pierce (brother)|
|Education:||Bowdoin College, Northampton Law School|
|Vice President:||William R. King, (Mar–Apr 1853), None (1853–1857)|
|Preceded by:||Millard Fillmore|
|Succeeded by:||James Buchanan|
About Franklin Pierce
The 14th President of the United States, he faced criticism for being a "doughface," meaning a Northerner who sympathized with the South. His enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Act did little to dispel this reputation, and he is often ranked among the country's worst presidents.
Franklin Pierce Before Fame
He had a successful private law practice in New Hampshire that led to many professional opportunities, most of which he turned down.
Achievement of Franklin Pierce
He was well-liked personally, but severely unpopular as president as his later support for the Confederacy was a death knell to his reputation.
Franklin Pierce Family Life
He fathered three sons with his wife, Jane Means Appleton, none of whom reached adolescence or lived to see their father become president.
Associations of Franklin Pierce
Information related to Franklin Pierce
- Franklin Pierce Category
- United States Attorneys for the District of New Hampshire
- Democratic Party Presidents of the United States
- Franklin Pierce family
- New Hampshire Jacksonians
- Democratic Party (United States) presidential nominees
- Speakers of the New Hampshire House of Representatives
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- Presidents of the United States
- Northampton Law School alumni
- New Hampshire lawyers
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- 19th-century American Episcopalians
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- Jacksonian members of the United States House of Representatives
- Members of the New Hampshire House of Representatives
- Phillips Exeter Academy alumni
- American military personnel of the Mexican–American War