Hattie McDaniel was an American actress, singer-songwriter, and comedian. She won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role as "Mammy" in Gone with the Wind, becoming the first African American to win an Oscar. In addition to acting in many films, McDaniel recorded 16 blues sides between 1926 and 1929 and was a radio performer and television star; she was the first black woman to sing on radio in the United States. She appeared in over 300 films, although she received screen credits for only 83. Encountering racism and racial segregation throughout her career, McDaniel was unable to attend the premiere of Gone with the Wind in Atlanta because it was held at a whites-only theater, and at the Oscars ceremony in Los Angeles she sat at a segregated table at the side of the room; the Ambassador Hotel where the ceremony was held was for whites only, but allowed McDaniel in as a favor.
|Born||June 10, 1893, Wichita, Kansas, U.S.|
|Died||October 26, 1952, Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, California, U.S.|
|Resting place||Angelus-Rosedale Cemetery|
|Occupation||Actress, singer-songwriter and comedian|
|IMDb||Hattie McDaniel's IMDb|
Best known as the first African American to receive an Academy Award, which she won for the role of Mammy in Gone with the Wind. Her other credits include Beulah and Family Honeymoon.
She worked as a maid, a washroom attendant, and a cook when she couldn't get acting jobs.
She could not attend the Academy Awards ceremony to receive her Best Supporting Actress Award for Gone with the Wind because of segregation laws.
She married George Langford in 1922, but he died shortly after the marriage. Her brother Sam McDaniel played the butler in the Three Stooges film, Heavenly Daze.
Her Gone With The Wind costar, Clark Gable, demanded that director David O'Russell cast her for the role of Mammy.
- Actors from Wichita, Kansas
- Musicians from Wichita, Kansas
- Songwriters from Kansas
- Singers from Kansas
- Actresses from Kansas
- Best Supporting Actress Academy Award winners
- African-American radio personalities
- Okeh Records artists
- Paramount Pictures contract players
- American blues singer-songwriters
- African-American female singer-songwriters
- American radio actresses
- African-American singer-songwriters
- American women comedians
Latest information about Hattie McDaniel updated on June 14 2021.