Abdulaziz ibn Abdul Rahman ibn Faisal ibn Turki ibn Abdullah ibn Muhammad Al Saud, known in the West as Ibn Saud, was the first monarch and founder of Saudi Arabia, the "third Saudi state". He ruled from 23 September 1932 to 9 November 1953. He reconquered his family's ancestral home city of Riyadh in 1902, starting three decades of conquests that made him the ruler of nearly all of central and north Arabia. He consolidated his control over the Najd in 1922, then conquered the Hejaz in 1925. He extended his dominions into what later became the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932. As King, he presided over the discovery of petroleum in Saudi Arabia in 1938 and the beginning of large-scale oil production after World War II. He fathered many children, including 45 sons, and all of the subsequent kings of Saudi Arabia.
|Predecessor:||Himself as King of Nejd and Hejaz|
|Predecessor:||Ali (as King of Hejaz), Himself (as Sultan of Nejd)|
|Successor:||Himself as King of Saudi Arabia|
|Predecessor:||Himself as Emir of Nejd and Hasa|
|Successor:||Himself as King of Nejd|
|Predecessor:||Muḥammad bin Ṭalāl (as Emir of Jabal Shammar)|
|Successor:||Himself as Sultan of Nejd|
|Born:||January 15, 1875, Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd|
|Died:||November 9, 1953, Ta'if, Saudi Arabia|
|Burial:||Al Oud cemetery, Riyadh|
|House:||House of Saud|
|Father:||Abdul Rahman bin Faisal|
|Mother:||Sarah Al Sudairi|
|Religion:||Wahhabi Hanbali Sunni Islam|
About Ibn Saud
Also known as King Abdulaziz, he conquered neighboring lands to form the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, over which he ruled for more than twenty years. During his reign, petroleum was discovered in his country; thus, the Middle Eastern oil empire began.
During his teenage years, he was forced out of Saudi Arabia by members of the Al Rashid dynasty; consequently, he lived briefly in Qatar and Bahrain and spent close to ten years in Kuwait.
At the end of World War II, he met with both American President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill.
The son of Second Saudi State ruler Abdul Rahman bin Faisal Al Saud, Ibn Saud had twenty-two wives and fathered nearly seventy children.
During Ibn Saud's rise to power, the British government sent T.E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") to Saudi Arabia to oppose Ottoman rule.
Information related to Ibn Saud
- King of the Sands (2012 film) – a biopic film on Ibn Saud directed by Najdat Anzour .
- Kings of Saudi Arabia
- Honorary Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
- Survivors of terrorist attacks
- Saudi Arabian Muslims
- Honorary Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
- World War II political leaders