John was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216. He lost the Duchy of Normandy and most of his other French lands to King Philip II of France, resulting in the collapse of the Angevin Empire and contributing to the subsequent growth in power of the French Capetian dynasty during the 13th century. The baronial revolt at the end of John's reign led to the sealing of Magna Carta, a document sometimes considered an early step in the evolution of the constitution of the United Kingdom. John was the youngest of the four surviving sons of King Henry II of England and Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was nicknamed John Lackland because he was not expected to inherit significant lands. He became Henry's favourite child following the failed revolt of 1173–74 by his brothers Henry the Young King, Richard, and Geoffrey against the King. John was appointed the Lord of Ireland in 1177 and given lands in England and on the continent.
|Born:||24 December 1166, Beaumont Palace, Oxford|
|Died:||19 October 1216 (aged 49), Newark Castle, Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire|
|Issue, Detail:||Henry III, King of England, Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, Joan, Queen of Scotland, Isabella, Holy Roman Empress, Eleanor, Countess of Pembroke, Richard FitzRoy, Joan, Lady of Wales|
|Father:||Henry II, King of England|
|Mother:||Eleanor, Duchess of Aquitaine|
About John, King of England
During the early thirteenth century, he served for nearly two decades as King of England. Though he spent much of his reign trying to reclaim land captured by France, he also instituted legal reforms that shaped England's common law judicial system. Near the end of his reign, in 1215, he signed the Magna Carta.
He was the favorite child of his father, who conferred upon him the title of Lord of Ireland.
After he died of dysentery in 1216, he was succeeded by his son Henry III of England.
He and his four older brothers were the children of Eleanor of Aquitaine and King Henry II. His two marriages -- to Isabella, Countess of Gloucester and Isabella, Countess of Angouleme -- produced a total of five children.
The deaths of his older brothers left John in a position to become King of England, a title he assumed after the 1199 death of Richard I of England (Richard the Lionheart).
Information related to John, King of England
- John, King of England Category
- House of Anjou
- Robin Hood characters
- Earls of Cornwall
- Burials at Worcester Cathedral
- People of the Barons' Wars
- 13th-century peers of France
- High Sheriffs of Somerset
- House of Plantagenet