Richard I was King of England from 1189 until his death. He also ruled as Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine and Gascony, Lord of Cyprus, Count of Poitiers, Anjou, Maine, and Nantes, and was overlord of Brittany at various times during the same period. He was the third of five sons of King Henry II of England and Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine and seemed unlikely to become king, but all of his brothers except the youngest, John, predeceased their father. Richard is known as Richard Cœur de Lion or Richard the Lionheart because of his reputation as a great military leader and warrior. The troubador Bertran de Born also called him in Richard Oc-e-Non, possibly from a reputation for terseness. By the age of 16, Richard had taken command of his own army, putting down rebellions in Poitou against his father.
|Regent:||Eleanor of Aquitaine, William de Longchamp|
|Born:||8 September 1157, Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England|
|Died:||6 April 1199 (aged 41), Châlus, Duchy of Aquitaine, (now in Limousin, France)|
|Burial:||Fontevraud Abbey, Anjou, France|
|Spouse:||Berengaria of Navarre|
|Issue:||Philip of Cognac (illegitimate)|
|Father:||Henry II of England|
|Mother:||Eleanor of Aquitaine|
About Richard I of England
Known as Richard the Lionheart, King of England who brought England into the third crusade. He reigned from 1189 to 1199
He revolted against his father, Henry II, multiple times in order to ensure that he would take the throne. and took command of his own army at the young age of 16.
After the crusades, he was held for ransom by the Duke of Austria until his kingdom came up with an extremely large ransom to release him.
He married Queen Berengaria of Navarre.
He was played by Patrick Stewart in the 1993 film Robin Hood: Men in Tights.
Information related to Richard I of England
- Richard I of England Category
- Cultural depictions of Richard I of England - Richard I of England has been depicted many times in romantic fiction and popular culture.
- The Crusade and Death of Richard I - The Crusade and Death of Richard I is a mid-13th century Anglo-Norman prose chronicle by an anonymous author. It tells of the journey of Richard the Lionheart, King of England to the Holy Land on the Third Crusade from 1190 to 1191.
- Burials at Fontevraud Abbey
- Medieval Cyprus
- House of Anjou
- Dukes of Normandy
- Robin Hood characters
- Counts of Anjou
- British monarchs buried abroad
- Burials at Rouen Cathedral
- Dukes of Aquitaine
- Christians of the Third Crusade
- English military personnel killed in action
- House of Plantagenet
- English folklore
- Monarchs killed in action
- Medieval legends