Marion Robert Morrison, known professionally as John Wayne and nicknamed Duke, was an American actor and filmmaker who became a popular icon through his starring roles in Western films. His career spanned from the silent era of the 1920s, through the Golden Age of Hollywood and eventually American New Wave, appearing in a total of 179 film and television productions. He was among the top box office draws for three decades, and appeared with many other important Hollywood stars of his era. Wayne was born in Winterset, Iowa, but grew up in Southern California. He lost a football scholarship to the University of Southern California as a result of a bodysurfing accident, and began working for the Fox Film Corporation. He appeared mostly in small parts, but his first leading role came in Raoul Walsh's Western The Big Trail, an early widescreen film epic which was a box-office failure.
|Born||Marion Robert Morrison, May 26, 1907, Winterset, Iowa, U.S.|
|Died||June 11, 1979, Los Angeles, California, U.S.|
|Resting place||Pacific View Memorial Park, Newport Beach, California|
|Other names||Marion Mitchell Morrison, 'Duke'|
|Alma mater||University of Southern California|
|Occupation||Actor, director, producer, singer|
|Children||7, including Michael, Patrick, and Ethan|
|Website||John Wayne's Official site|
|John Wayne's Twitter|
|IMDb||John Wayne's IMDb|
Nicknamed "The Duke," he played a hero in action films and westerns and received an Academy Award for Best Actor for his starring role in True Grit in 1969. His voice, swagger, and acting style made him a major box office draw for thirty years.
In his youth, he was employed in a local ice cream shop. His football scholarship to USC was taken away after he got injured while bodysurfing.
He was born Marion Robert Morrison and never legally changed his name.
His divorce with actress Esperanza Baur in 1954 resulted in her attempting to shoot him. He was married to Pilar Pallete from 1954 to 1973.
He co-starred with Maureen O'Hara in the 1952 romantic comedy The Quiet Man.
- John Wayne Category
- Hall of Great Western Performers - The Hall of Great Western Performers is a Hall of Fame at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum. It is located in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma and sometimes referred to as the "Western Performers Hall of Fame".
- National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum - The National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum is a museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, with more than 28,000 Western and American Indian art works and artifacts.
- Red Scare - A Red Scare is the promotion of a widespread fear of a potential rise of communism or anarchism by a society or state. The term is most often used to refer to two periods in the history of the United States which are referred to by this name.
- Male actors from Newport Beach, California
- Glendale High School (Glendale, California) alumni
- Male actors from Glendale, California
- Male film serial actors
- Western (genre) film directors
- John Birch Society members
- Cecil B. DeMille Award Golden Globe winners
- Best Drama Actor Golden Globe (film) winners
- Best Actor Academy Award winners
- Male actors from Iowa
- Liberty Records artists
- 20th Century Fox contract players
- Film directors from Los Angeles
- Male Western (genre) film actors
- Congressional Gold Medal recipients
- RCA Records artists
- Film producers from California
- USC Trojans football players
- Presidential Medal of Freedom recipients
- Iowa Republicans
Latest information about John Wayne updated on June 14 2021.