Joseph Stalin

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QUICK FACTS
Date of Birth December 18, 1878
Place of Birth Georgia (country)
Date of Death Mar 5, 1953 (74)
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Joseph Stalin

Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin was a Georgian revolutionary and Soviet politician who led the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until 1953 as the general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and premier of the Soviet Union. Despite initially governing the Soviet Union as part of a collective leadership, he eventually consolidated power to become the country's de facto dictator by the 1930s. A communist ideologically committed to the Leninist interpretation of Marxism, Stalin formalised these ideas as Marxism–Leninism, while his own policies are known as Stalinism. Born to a poor family in Gori in the Russian Empire, Stalin joined the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party as a youth. He edited the party's newspaper, Pravda, and raised funds for Vladimir Lenin's Bolshevik faction via robberies, kidnappings, and protection rackets. Repeatedly arrested, he underwent several internal exiles.

Born: Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili, Gori, Tiflis Governorate, Caucasus Viceroyalty, Russian Empire (present-day Georgia)
Died: March 5, 1953, Kuntsevo Dacha, Kuntsevo, Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Cause of death: Cerebral hemorrhage
Resting place: Lenin's Mausoleum, Moscow (9 March 1953 – 31 October 1961), Kremlin Wall Necropolis, Moscow (from 31 October 1961)
Political party: RSDLP (1901–1912), RSDLP (Bolsheviks) (1912–1918), Russian Communist Party (1918–1953)
Children: Yakov Dzhugashvili, Vasily Dzhugashvili, Svetlana Alliluyeva, Artyom Sergeyev (adopted)
Mother: Ekaterine Geladze
Father: Besarion Jughashvili
Cabinet: Stalin I–II
Preceded by: Vyacheslav Molotov, (as Responsible Secretary)
Succeeded by: Georgy Malenkov (de facto)
IMDb: Joseph Stalin's IMDb
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About Joseph Stalin

Soviet dictator who ruthlessly enforced Communism in the USSR from 1929 to 1953. He executed many of his former party members including Leon Trotsky in a Great Purge during the 1930's and he sent millions of his people to labour camps known as Gulags.

Before Fame

He was expelled from a Georgian Orthodox seminary for missing his final exams and forming a Social Democratic study circle that read illegal literature.

Achievement

Under his leadership, the USSR became the second world power with nuclear weapons, and engaged in the Cold War against the United States.

Family Life

He married twice, his second marriage to Nadezhda Alliluyeva lasted from 1919 to 1932. His children were Yakov Dzhugashvili, Vasily Dzhugashvili, and Svetlana Alliluyeva.

Associations

The more power he gained, the easier it was to put down opposition groups like those headed by Leon Trotsky.

Information related to Joseph Stalin

  • Joseph Stalin Category
  • Bibliography of Stalinism and the Soviet Union - This is a select bibliography of post World War II English language books and journal articles about Stalinism and the Stalinist era of Soviet history. Book entries have references to journal reviews about them when helpful and available.
  • Foreign relations of the Soviet Union - After the Russian Revolution the Bolsheviks took over the old Russian Empire in 1918, they faced enormous odds against the German Empire due to World War I, and then again against both domestic and international enemies in the bitter civil war.
  • Index of Soviet Union-related articles - An index of articles related to the former nation known as the Soviet Union. It covers the Soviet revolutionary period until the dissolution of the Soviet Union. This list includes topics, events, persons and other items of national significance within the Soviet Union.
  • Joseph Stalin Museum, Gori - The Joseph Stalin Museum is a museum in Gori, Georgia dedicated to the life of Joseph Stalin, the leader of the Soviet Union, who was born in Gori. The Museum retains its Soviet-era characteristics.
  • Stalin and the Scientists - Stalin and the Scientists: A History of Triumph and Tragedy 1905–1953 is a 2016 popular science non-fiction book on the history of science in the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin by English novelist and science writer, Simon Ings.
  • Heads of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
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  • 19th-century poets from Georgia (country)
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  • Russian exiles
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Latest information about Joseph Stalin updated on October 30, 2020.

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