Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky is a Soviet psychologist known for his work on the psychological development of children. He has published on many different topics and from many angles as his opinions evolve over the years. Among his students was Alexander Luria. He is best known for his concept of the proximal zone: the gap between what a student can do on their own and what they can accomplish with the help of someone more knowledgeable about the activity. Vygotsky sees ZPD as a measure of the maturity of skills, as a complement to the growth metrics that rely solely on learner independent competencies. His work on the relationship between language and thought, linguistic development and a general theory of development through actions and relationships in a socio-cultural environment also has a great impact. . Vygotsky has been the subject of great scholarly debate.
|Born||Lev Simkhovich Výgodsky, November 17, 1896, Orsha, Russian Empire, now in Belarus|
|Died||June 11, 1934, Moscow, Soviet Union|
|Institutions||Moscow State University|
|Alma mater||Imperial Moscow University (1917) (unfinished), Shaniavskii Moscow City People's University|
|Thesis||The Psychology of Art (1925)|
|Notable students||Alexander Luria|
|Known for||Cultural-historical psychology, zone of proximal development, inner speech|
|Influences||Baruch Spinoza, Wilhelm von Humboldt, Alexander Potebnia, Alfred Adler, Kurt Koffka, Kurt Lewin, Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Köhler, Kurt Goldstein, Karl Marx, Jean Piaget|
|Influenced||Vygotsky Circle, Evald Ilyenkov, Urie Bronfenbrenner, Patricia McKinsey Crittenden|
|Spouse||Roza Noevna Vygodskaia (née Smekhova)|
Belarusian psychologist who was the founder of the theory of human cultural and biosocial development which is referred to as cultural-historical psychology and was the leader of the Vygotsky Circle.
He studied law at the Moscow State University where he was admitted due to a Jewish Lottery.
He released six separate volumes over 10 years including Psychology of Art in 1925 and Thought and Language in 1934.
He was born into a non-religious middle class Jewish family in Orsha, Belarus.
One of his many influences was scientist Alfred Adler.
- Cognitivism - In psychology, cognition is a theoretical framework for understanding the mind that was recognized in the 1950s. This movement is a response to behaviorism, which epistemologists say neglected cognitive interpretation.
- Historical and Cultural Activity Theory (CHAT) - Cultural and Historical Activity Theory is a theoretical framework that helps to understand and analyze the relationship between the human mind and activity. It arises from the founders of the cultural and historical school of Russian psychology L. S. Vygotsky and Aleksei N. Leontiev.
- The Comparative Laboratory of Human Cognition (LCHC) - The Comparative Laboratory of Human Cognition is a social science laboratory located at the University of California, San Diego since 1978. LCHC researchers continue their research into understanding the relationship complex between perceptions and cultures in individuals and in social development.
- Leading Activities - In the context of historical and cultural activity theory, the main activity is a human collaborative activity, or action, which plays the most essential role in the development of a child at a certain stage of life. development.
- Organizing a Workshop - Organizing a Workshop - or “Laboratorio Organization” in Portuguese and Spanish - is a CHAT-based learning event where participants master knowledge and skills. New roles in the organization as well as in the company through a learning-by-work approach.
- PsyAnima, Dubna Psychology Magazine - PsyAnima, Dubna Psychology Journal is a scientific journal that publishes articles on psychological theory, history, methodology, as well as empirical studies. Known primarily for articles about Lev Vygotsky and his legacy and historical-cultural psychology.
- Soviet psychologists
- System psychologists
- Belarus scientists
- Tectonic theory (the school of psychology)
- Literary and social theorists
- Spinoza scholars
- Communication theorists
- Soviet scientists
- Educational psychologists
- Developmental psychologists
- Philosophers of education
- Department of Moscow State University
- Cognitive scientists
Latest information about Lev Vygotsky updated on June 14 2021.