Maumoon Abdul Gayoom is a Maldivian politician and an Islamic scholar who ruled the country as the President of Maldives from 1978 to 2008. After serving as Minister of Transport, he was nominated as President by the Majlis of the Maldives and succeeded Ibrahim Nasir in 1978. He was defeated in the October 2008 presidential election. In opposition, he continued to serve as leader of the Dhivehi Rayyithunge Party until January 2010, when he retired from active politics. However, in September 2011, he returned to Maldivian politics as the leader of the newly formed Progressive Party of Maldives, whose candidate Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom, Maumoon's half-brother, was victorious in the 2013 presidential elections. In July 2016, due to disagreements between president Yameen and Maumoon, the party split into two factions. Later in October 27, Maumoon withdrew his support for president Yameen and joined the Maldives United Opposition.
|Born:||December 29, 1937, Malé, Maldives|
|Political party:||Maldives Reform Movement (2019–)|
|Other political affiliations:||Progressive Party of Maldives (2011–2017), Dhivehi Rayyithunge Party (2005–2011), Independent (Until 2005)|
|Spouse(s):||Nasreena Ibrahim (married 1969)|
|Children:||Dunya Maumoon, Yumna Maumoon, Faris Maumoon, Ghassan Maumoon|
|Preceded by:||Ibrahim Nasir|
|Succeeded by:||Mohamed Nasheed|
|Twitter:||Maumoon Abdul Gayoom's Twitter profile|
About Maumoon Abdul Gayoom
As a member of the Dhivehi Rayyithunge Party, this politician served for thirty years (1978 to 2008) as third President of the Maldives. After leaving office, he transferred his political allegiance to the Progressive Party of the Maldives.
Though born in Malé, Maldives, he grew up primarily in Egypt. He studied at both Al-Azhar University and the American University in Cairo.
During the 1970s, he was imprisoned for vocally opposing the policies of then-Maldives-President Ibrahim Nasir.
His marriage to Nasreena Ibrahim resulted in four children, including a politician daughter named Dunya. His father, Abdul Gayoom Ibrahim, had eight wives and over twenty children.
Gayoom was the third President of the Maldives; Mohammed Hassan was the fifth.
Information related to Maumoon Abdul Gayoom
- Presidents of the Maldives
- Maldivian Muslims
- Permanent Representatives of the Maldives to the United Nations
- Progressive Party of Maldives politicians
- Dhivehi Rayyithunge Party politicians
- Government ministers of the Maldives
- Stabbing survivors
- Sri Lanka Mitra Vibhushana
- Dhaka College alumni
- American University in Cairo alumni
- Al-Azhar University alumni
- Alumni of Royal College, Colombo