Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, was a Turkish field marshal, revolutionary statesman, author, and the founder of the Republic of Turkey, serving as its first President from 1923 until his death in 1938. His leadership undertook sweeping progressive reforms, which modernized Turkey into a secular, industrial nation. Ideologically a secularist and nationalist, his policies and theories became known as Kemalism. Due to his military and political accomplishments, Atatürk is regarded according to studies as one of the greatest leaders of the 20th century. Atatürk came to prominence for his role in securing the Ottoman Turkish victory at the Battle of Gallipoli during World War I. Following the defeat and dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, he led the Turkish National Movement, which resisted mainland Turkey's partition among the victorious Allied powers.
|Born:||Ali Rıza oğlu Mustafa, 1881, Salonica, Salonica Vilayet, Ottoman Empire|
|Died:||November 10, 1938, Dolmabahçe Palace, Istanbul, Turkey|
|Political party:||Republican People's Party|
|Other political affiliations:||Motherland and Liberty, Committee of Union and Progress, Association for the Defence of the Rights of Anatolia and Rumelia|
|Spouse(s):||Latife Uşaklıgil (1923–25)|
|Parents:||Ali Rıza Efendi, Zübeyde Hanım|
|Relatives:||Makbule Atadan (sister)|
|Civilian awards:||List (24 medals)|
|IMDb:||Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's IMDb|
About Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
First president of Turkey from 1923 to 1938 who was a winning strategist in the war for Turkey's independence and helped found the Republic of Turkey in its aftermath. He transformed Turkey into a secular democratic nation-state, established new schools, and gave women equal civil rights.
He served in the Turkish army and fought in the Italo-Turkish War in 1911.
His second name, Kemal, means "Perfection of Maturity" and his surname "Ataturk" means "Father of the Turks."
He adopted thirteen children and married his wife Latife Ussaki in 1923.
During Adolf Hitler's control of the Rhineland, Ataturk was able to gain control over waterways known as the Straits.
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- Monastir Military High School alumni
- Turkish anti-communists
- Members of the Special Organization of the Ottoman Empire
- Recipients of the Medal of Independence with Red-Green Ribbon (Turkey)
- Ottoman Thessalonica
- Turkish revolutionaries
- Recipients of the Order of the Medjidie, 1st class
- Recipients of the Liakat Medal
- Committee of Union and Progress politicians
- Leaders of the Republican People's Party (Turkey)
- Speakers of the Parliament of Turkey
- Turkish secularists
- Dolmabahçe Palace
- Recipients of the Imtiyaz Medal
- Turkish former Muslims
- Deputies of Ankara
- Turkish nationalists
- Recipients of the Order of Saint Alexander (Bulgaria)
- Ottoman military personnel of the Italo-Turkish War
- Macedonian Turks
- Ottoman generals
- Witnesses of the Armenian Genocide
- Ottoman Military College alumni
- Ottoman military personnel of the Balkan Wars
- Ottoman Military Academy alumni
- Ottoman military personnel of World War I
- Critics of religions
- Recipients of the Iron Cross (1914), 1st class