Philip II was King of Spain, King of Portugal, King of Naples and Sicily, and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland. He was also Duke of Milan from 1540. From 1555 he was Lord of the Seventeen Provinces of the Netherlands. The son of Emperor Charles V and Isabella of Portugal, Philip inherited his father's Spanish Empire, including territories on every continent then known to Europeans. The Philippines were named in his honor by Ruy López de Villalobos. During his reign, the Spanish kingdoms reached the height of their influence and power, sometimes called the Spanish Golden Age. Philip led a highly debt-leveraged regime, seeing state defaults in 1557, 1560, 1569, 1575, and 1596. This policy was partly the cause of the declaration of independence that created the Dutch Republic in 1581. Deeply devout, Philip saw himself as the defender of Catholic Europe against the Ottoman Empire and the Protestant Reformation.
|Acclamation||16 April 1581, Tomar|
|Predecessor||António (disputed) or Henry|
|Successor||Philip III (as Philip II of Portugal)|
|Predecessor||Mary I (as sole monarch)|
|Born||21 May 1527, Palacio de Pimentel, Valladolid, Castile|
|Died||September 13, 1598, El Escorial, San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Castile|
|Issue, Detail||Carlos, Prince of Asturias, Isabella Clara Eugenia, Catherine Michelle, Ferdinand, Prince of Asturias, Diego, Prince of Asturias, Philip III, King of Spain|
|Father||Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor|
|Mother||Isabella of Portugal|
Ruled as King of Spain from 1556 to 1598 and Portugal from 1581 to 1598. He also ruled Naples and Sicily and served as both Duke of Milan and King of Ireland and England.
He was taught Latin, Portuguese and Spanish growing up.
There was a great amount of countrywide debt during his reign over Spain, including four different state bankruptcies.
He was the son of Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire and Isabella of Portugal.
He had great difficulty filling in for his father Charles V, who was a well-respected and celebrated ruler.
Philip II of Spain Category. Descendants of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon - The most famous living descendants of Isabella I and Ferdinand II are probably the current European monarchs. First of all, the Kings of Spain are descended from their union, with their current major dynastic heir being King Felipe VI of Spain, who reigns in their native territories.. The empire on which the sun never sets - The phrase "the empire on which the sun never sets" has been used to describe certain global empires that were so extensive that it seemed that at least one part of their territory was always in daylight.. Royal Armoury of Madrid - The Royal Armoury of Madrid or Real Armería de Madrid, between many other things, the collection contains the personal arms of the Kings of Spain, and also houses military weapons, armours and diplomatic works of art like mixed tapestries, paintings and other works of art and trophies.. Ruy Gómez de Silva, 1st Prince of Éboli - Dom Rui Gomes da Silva, 1st Prince of Eboli, was a Portuguese noble and one of King Philip II of Spain's main advisers.. Mary I of England. People of the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604). People of the French Wars of Religion. Dukes of Montblanc. Spanish Renaissance people. Dukes of Milan. English pretenders to the French throne. Spanish people of the Eighty Years' War. Philippine dynasty. British monarchs buried abroad. Grand Masters of the Order of Montesa. 16th-century Portuguese monarchs. Jure uxoris kings. Regents of Spain. Burials in the Pantheon of Kings at El Escorial. Grand Masters of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Princes of Asturias. 16th-century House of Habsburg. Spanish infantes. Rulers of the Habsburg Netherlands. Counter-Reformation. Knights of Santiago