Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa or Peter Kapitza Russian: Пётр Леонидович Капица, Romanian: Petre Capița was a leading Soviet physicist and Nobel laureate, best known for his work in low-temperature physics.
|Native name:||Пётр Леонидович Капица|
|Born:||Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa, July 8, 1894, Kronstadt, Russian Empire|
|Died:||April 8, 1984, Moscow, Soviet Union|
|Resting place:||Novodevichy Cemetery, Moscow|
|Citizenship:||Russian Empire (1894–1917) → RSFSR (1917–1922) → Soviet Union (1922–1984)|
|Doctoral students:||David Shoenberg|
|Known for:||Superfluidity, Kapitza's pendulum|
|Notable awards:||FRS (1929), Faraday Medal (1942), Franklin Medal (1944), Lomonosov Gold Medal (1959), Rutherford Medal and Prize (1966), Nobel Prize in Physics (1978)|
About Pyotr Kapitsa
Russian physicist who won the 1978 Nobel Prize for Physics for discovering superfluidity. He worked for over a decade with fellow Nobel laureate Ernest Rutherford.
Pyotr Kapitsa Before Fame
His research at Cambridge University in England led him to discover a way to more efficiently make liquid helium.
Achievement of Pyotr Kapitsa
He went to visit the USSR from Cambridge in 1934, but was not allowed to return, and thus spent the rest of his life in Moscow.
Pyotr Kapitsa Family Life
He married Anna Alekseevna Krylova, daughter of another noted Russian academic and the couple had two sons, Sergei and Andrei, together.
Associations of Pyotr Kapitsa
He had a falling out with the head of the Russian secret police and survived because Joseph Stalin picked Pyotr's side in the dispute.
Information related to Pyotr Kapitsa
- Kapitza's pendulum - Kapitza's pendulum or Kapitza pendulum is a rigid pendulum in which the pivot point vibrates in a vertical direction, up and down. It is named after Russian Nobel laureate physicist Pyotr Kapitza, who in 1951 developed a theory which successfully explains some of its unusual properties.
- Kapitza number - The Kapitza number is a dimensionless number named after the prominent Russian physicist Pyotr Kapitsa. He provided the first extensive study of the ways in which a thin film of liquid flows down inclined surfaces.
- Kapitza resistance - Interfacial thermal resistance, also known as thermal boundary resistance, or Kapitza resistance, is a measure of an interface's resistance to thermal flow. This thermal resistance differs from contact resistance, as it exists even at atomically perfect interfaces.
- Kapitza Institute - P. L. Kapitza Institute for Physical Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The Institute was founded in 1934. The founder of the Institute, Nobel laurate Pyotr Kapitsa served as its head for many years. The head of the theoretical division of the Institute was Lev Landau.
- Niels Bohr International Gold Medal recipients
- Soviet Nobel laureates
- Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology faculty
- Members of the Royal Irish Academy
- Nobel laureates in Physics
- Members of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
- Soviet physicists
- University and college founders
- Moscow State University faculty
- Full Members of the USSR Academy of Sciences
- Heroes of Socialist Labour
- Stalin Prize winners