Robert Edward Lee was an American and Confederate soldier best known as a commander of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He commanded the Army of Northern Virginia from 1862 until its surrender in 1865 and earned a reputation as a skilled tactician. A son of Revolutionary War officer Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee III, Lee was a top graduate of the United States Military Academy and an exceptional officer and military engineer in the United States Army for 32 years. During this time, he served throughout the United States, distinguished himself during the Mexican–American War, and served as Superintendent of the United States Military Academy. He was also the husband of Mary Anna Custis Lee, adopted great-granddaughter of George Washington. When Virginia's 1861 Richmond Convention declared secession from the Union, Lee chose to follow his home state, despite his desire for the country to remain intact and an offer of a senior Union command.
|Birth name:||Robert Edward Lee|
|Nickname(s):||Uncle Robert, Marse Robert, King of Spades, Marble Man|
|Born:||January 19, 1807, Stratford Hall, Virginia, U.S.|
|Died:||October 12, 1870, Lexington, Virginia, U.S.|
|Buried at:||Lee Chapel, Washington and Lee University|
|Allegiance:||United States of America, Confederate States of America, Commonwealth of Virginia|
|Service/branch:||United States Army, Confederate States Army|
|Service years:||1829–1861 (U.S.), 1861–1865 (C.S.)|
|Rank:||Colonel (U.S.), General in Chief (C.S.)|
|Commands held:||U.S. Military Academy, Army of Northern Virginia|
|Wars:||Mexican–American War, John Brown's raid, American Civil War|
|Relations:||Henry Lee III (father), Anne Hill Carter Lee (mother)|
|Other work:||President of Washington and Lee University|
About Robert E. Lee
American career military officer who commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia during the American Civil War. He surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865.
He attended West Point and graduated as a second lieutenant in the Corps of Engineers.
President Abraham Lincoln offered him a position in the Union Army, but he decided to follow his home state into secession despite his belief that the Union should remain intact.
He served as Jefferson Davis's senior military advisor for part of the Civil War.
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