Robert the Bruce

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Date of Birth July 11, 1274
Place of Birth Scotland
Date of Death Jun 7, 1329 (54)
Horoscope Cancer

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Robert the Bruce

Robert I, popularly known as Robert the Bruce, was King of Scotland from 1306 until his death in 1329. Robert was one of the most famous warriors of his generation, and eventually led Scotland during the First War of Scottish Independence against England. He fought successfully during his reign to regain Scotland's place as an independent country and is today revered in Scotland as a national hero. His paternal fourth great-grandfather was King David I. Robert's grandfather, Robert de Brus, 5th Lord of Annandale, was one of the claimants to the Scottish throne during the "Great Cause". As Earl of Carrick, Robert the Bruce supported his family's claim to the Scottish throne and took part in William Wallace's revolt against Edward I of England.

About Robert the Bruce

From the early 1300s until his demise at the age of fifty-four, Robert I held the title of King of Scots. Better known as Robert the Bruce, he was an accomplished soldier and a key figure in the Wars of Scottish Independence.

Before Fame

When he was in his early twenties, he likely assisted his father in defending Carlisle, Scotland, against a sudden attack.


He was responsible for the 1306 murder of his political foe John III Comyn, Lord of Badenoch.

Family Life

With his first wife, Isabella of Mar, Robert the Bruce had a daughter named Marjory. His second marriage, to Elizabeth de Burgh, produced four children, including the future King David II of Scotland. He also had at least six illegitimate children.


He was portrayed by Scottish actor Angus MacFadyen in the 1995 film Braveheart.

Information related to Robert the Bruce

  • Competitors for the Crown of Scotland - When the crown of Scotland became vacant in September 1290 on the death of the child monarch Margaret, the Maid of Norway, a total of thirteen claimants to the throne came forward. Those with the most credible claims were John Balliol, Robert Bruce, John Hastings and Floris V, Count of Holland.
  • Cultural depictions of Robert the Bruce - King Robert I of Scotland, also known as Robert the Bruce has been depicted in literature and popular culture many times. This list includes some examples.
  • Scottish monarchs' family tree - This is a family tree for the kings of Scotland, since the unification under the House of Alpin in 834, to the personal union with England in 1603 under James VI of Scotland. It includes also the Houses of Dunkeld, Balliol, Bruce, and Stewart.
  • House of Bruce
  • Scoto-Normans
  • Guardians of Scotland
  • Scottish generals
  • Scottish people of the Wars of Scottish Independence
  • Scottish folklore
  • Scottish Roman Catholics
  • 13th-century Scottish people
  • Scottish knights
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Latest information about Robert the Bruce updated on February 28, 2021.

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