Thomas Johann Seebeck was a Baltic German physicist, who, in 1822, observed a relationship between heat and magnetism. Later, in 1823, Ørsted called this phenomenon thermoelectric effect. Seebeck was born in Reval to a wealthy Baltic German merchant family. He received a medical degree in 1802 from the University of Göttingen, but preferred to study physics. From 1821 to 1823, Seebeck performed a series of experiments trying to understand Ørsted's findings from 1820. During his experiments, he observed that a junction of dissimilar metals produces a deflexion on a magnetic needle when exposed to a temperature gradient. Because Ørsted had discovered that an electric current produces a deflexion on a compass transversal to the wire, Seebeck's results were interpreted as a thermoelectric effect. This is now called the Peltier–Seebeck effect and is the basis of thermocouples and thermopiles.
|Born||Reval, Russian Empire|
|Died||(aged), Berlin, Kingdom of Prussia|
|Known for||Discovering the thermoelectric effect|
In 1821, an Estonian physicist developed the thermoelectric phenomenon. He was also the first to create and explain the potassium amalgam.
He went to the University of Gottingen to study medicine.
When he proposed that a circuit comprised of two distinct metals with differing temperatures at their meeting point could deflect a compass magnet, he made significant progress in his studies.
He was born and reared by a wealthy Baltic German merchant family in Reval, which is now Tallinn.
In the same country as poet Kalju Lepik, he was born.
19th-century physicists. Members of the Prussian Academy of Sciences. Baltic-German people. German physicists