Ivan Pavlov

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Date of Birth September 14, 1849
Place of Birth Ryazan, Russia
Date of Death Feb 27, 1936 (86)
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Ivan Pavlov

Ivan Petrovich Pavlov was a Russian physiologist known primarily for his work in classical conditioning. From his childhood days Pavlov demonstrated intellectual curiosity along with an unusual energy which he referred to as "the instinct for research". Inspired by the progressive ideas which D. I. Pisarev, the most eminent of the Russian literary critics of the 1860s, and I. M. Sechenov, the father of Russian physiology, were spreading, Pavlov abandoned his religious career and devoted his life to science. In 1870, he enrolled in the physics and mathematics department at the University of Saint Petersburg in order to study natural science. Pavlov won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1904, becoming the first Russian Nobel laureate. A survey in the Review of General Psychology, published in 2002, ranked Pavlov as the 24th most cited psychologist of the 20th century.

Born: September 26, 1849, Ryazan, Russian Empire
Died: February 27, 1936, Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Residence: Russian Empire, Soviet Union
Fields: Physiologist, physician
Institutions: Imperial Military Medical Academy
Alma mater: Saint Petersburg University
Doctoral students: Pyotr Anokhin, Boris Babkin, Leon Orbeli
Known for: Founder of modern behavior therapy, Classical conditioning
Influences: Carl Vogt, Jacob Moleschott
Influenced: John B. Watson, Joseph Wolpe
Notable awards: Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1904), ForMemRS (1907), Copley Medal (1915)

About Ivan Pavlov

Russian scientist who studied conditioned response in organisms, most famously by making his dog salivate every time he rang a bell. He won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1904 for his research into the physiology of digestion.

Before Fame

Originally he was studying at an Ecclesiastical Seminary, but transferred to the University of Saint Petersburg.


While his contributions to psychology are immense, he considered himself anything but a psychologist, and even disliked the field.

Family Life

Had five children named Wirchik, Vera, Victor, Vladimir and Vsevolod.


Bertrand Russell was a supporter of his philosophy of mind.

Information related to Ivan Pavlov

  • Behavior modification - Behavior modification refers to behavior-change procedures that were employed during the 1970s and early 1980s.
  • Classical conditioning - Classical conditioning refers to a learning procedure in which a biologically potent stimulus is paired with a previously neutral stimulus.
  • Orienting response - The orienting response, also called orienting reflex, is an organism's immediate response to a change in its environment, when that change is not sudden enough to elicit the startle reflex.
  • Ryazan - Ryazan is the largest city and administrative center of Ryazan Oblast, Russia. The city is located on the Oka River in European Russia, 196 kilometers southeast of Moscow.
  • Rostov State Medical University - Rostov State Medical University is a Russian public university of higher professional education and ministry on health and social medicine. Rostov State Medical University is also known as Rostov State Medical Institute, RostSMU, RostGMU, Rostov State Government Medical University.
  • Georgii Zeliony - Georgii Pavlovich Zeliony was a Russian physiologist who contributed to the understanding of conditional and unconditional reflexes. He was one of I. P. Pavlov's first students. His studies of decorticated dogs led to knowledge of brain function in man and other animals.
  • Soviet physiologists
  • Russian educational theorists
  • Russian physiologists
  • Russian Nobel laureates
  • Animal trainers
  • Russian atheists
  • Ethologists
  • History of neuroscience
  • Full Members of the St Petersburg Academy of Sciences
  • Soviet scientists
  • Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine
  • Recipients of the Copley Medal
  • Full Members of the USSR Academy of Sciences
  • Saint Petersburg State University alumni
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Latest information about Ivan Pavlov updated on January 25, 2021.

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