Louis XV, known as Louis the Beloved, was King of France from 1 September 1715 until his death in 1774. He succeeded his great-grandfather Louis XIV at the age of five. Until he reached maturity on 15 February 1723, the kingdom was ruled by Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, as Regent of France. Cardinal Fleury was his chief minister from 1726 until the Cardinal's death in 1743, at which time the king took sole control of the kingdom. His reign of almost 59 years was the second longest in the history of France, exceeded only by his predecessor and great-grandfather, Louis XIV, who had ruled for 72 years. In 1748, Louis returned the Austrian Netherlands, won at the Battle of Fontenoy of 1745. He ceded New France in North America to Spain and Great Britain at the conclusion of the disastrous Seven Years' War in 1763. He incorporated the territories of the Duchy of Lorraine and the Corsican Republic into the Kingdom of France.
|Regent:||Philippe d'Orléans (1715–23)|
|Born:||February 15, 1710, Palace of Versailles, France|
|Died:||May 10, 1774, Palace of Versailles, France|
|Burial:||Royal Basilica, Saint Denis, France|
|Issue, among others...:||Louise Élisabeth, Duchess of Parma, Princess Henriette, Princess Marie Louise, Louis, Dauphin of France, Philippe, Duke of Anjou, Princess Marie Adélaïde, Princess Victoire, Princess Sophie, Princess Thérèse, Louise, Abbess of Saint Denis|
|Father:||Louis, Duke of Burgundy|
|Mother:||Marie Adélaïde of Savoy|
About Louis XV
Eighteenth-century French royal. A member of the House of Bourbon, he began his reign as King of France and Navarre in 1715.
He succeeded his great grandfather, Louis XIV, as King of France, taking the throne at the age of five.
During his reign, he conceded land to Austria and Great Britain, weakening the position of the French monarchy and laying the groundwork for the French Revolution.
He was born at Versailles to the Duke of Burgundy and Marie Adelaide of Savoy. He married Marie Leszczynska in 1725; the marriage produced several children.
After his death from smallpox, his grandson Louis XVI became King of France.
Information related to Louis XV of France
- Louis XV of France Category
- Louis XV Style - The Style Louis XV or Louis Quinze is a style of architecture and decorative arts which appeared during the reign of Louis XV. From 1710 until about 1730, a period known as the Régence, it was largely an extension of the Style Louis XIV of his great-grandfather and predecessor, Louis XIV. From...
- Louis XV furniture - The furniture of the Louis XV period is characterized by curved forms, lightness, comfort and asymmetry; it replaced the more formal, boxlike and massive furniture of the Style Louis XIV. It employed marquetry, using inlays of exotic woods of different colors, as well as ivory and mother of pearl.
- Rocaille - Rocaille was a French style of exuberant decoration, with an abundance of curves, counter-curves, undulations and elements modeled on nature, that appeared in furniture and interior decoration during the early reign of Louis XV of France.
- Cabriole leg - A cabriole leg is one of four vertical supports of a piece of furniture shaped in two curves; the upper arc is, while lower is ; the upper curve always bows outward, while the lower curve bows inward; with the axes of the two curves in the same plane.
- Suppression of the Jesuits - The suppression of the Jesuits was a politically instigated removal of all members of the Society of Jesus from most of the countries of Western Europe and their colonies, beginning in 1759, and ultimately approved by The Holy See in 1773.
- Louis heel , a shoe heel shape named after Louis XV.
- Dukes of Anjou
- Dauphins of France
- Dauphins of Viennois
- Princes of Andorra
- Princes of France (Bourbon)
- Ancien Régime in France
- Smallpox survivors
- Stabbing survivors
- People of the Regency of Philippe d'Orléans
- Modern child rulers
- House of Bourbon (France)
- Burials at the Basilica of St Denis