Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar Gaddafi, commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi, was a Libyan revolutionary, politician and political theorist. He governed Libya as Revolutionary Chairman of the Libyan Arab Republic from 1969 to 1977 and then as the "Brother Leader" of the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya from 1977 to 2011. He was initially ideologically committed to Arab nationalism and Arab socialism but later ruled according to his own Third International Theory. Born near Sirte, Italian Libya, to a poor Bedouin family, Gaddafi became an Arab nationalist while at school in Sabha, later enrolling in the Royal Military Academy, Benghazi. Within the military, he founded a revolutionary group which deposed the Western-backed Senussi monarchy of Idris in a 1969 coup. Having taken power, Gaddafi converted Libya into a republic governed by his Revolutionary Command Council. Ruling by decree, he deported Libya's Italian population and ejected its Western military bases.
|Born:||Muammar Muhammad Abu Minyar Gaddafi, Qasr Abu Hadi, Italian Libya|
|Cause of death:||Gunshot wound|
|Resting place:||In an unknown place in the Libyan Desert|
|Political party:||Arab Socialist Union (1971–1977), Independent (1977–2011)|
|Alma mater:||University of Libya, Benghazi Military University Academy|
|Net worth:||US$200 billion (2011,)|
|Preceded by:||Position established|
|Succeeded by:||Mustafa Abdul Jalil (Chairman of the National Transitional Council)|
|IMDb:||Muammar Gaddafi's IMDb|
About Muammar Gaddafi
Ruthless Libyan president for more than 40 years who seized power from King Idris in a bloodless coup in 1969, when he was only 27. He was beaten and killed by NTC rebels after a civil war broke out in 2011.
He attended the Royal Military Academy in Benghazi and was only a young lieutenant at the time he seized power.
He travelled with his all-female Amazonian Guard who were also referred to as "the Green Nuns" because of the color of their uniforms and the rumor that they had been sworn to celibacy.
He married twice, and his second marriage was to Safia Farkash from 1970 to 2011.
His death was met with divided reactions from various world leaders. Some, like President Barack Obama, saw it as a step forward for Libya. Others, such as Venezuela's Hugo Chavez, instead praised the late leader.
Information related to Muammar Gaddafi
- Muammar Gaddafi Category
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- HIV trial in Libya - The HIV trial in Libya concerns the trials, appeals and eventual release of six foreign medical workers charged with conspiring to deliberately infect over 400 children with HIV in 1998, causing an epidemic at El-Fatih Children's Hospital in Benghazi, Libya.
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