Phineas Taylor Barnum was an American showman, politician, and businessman, remembered for promoting celebrated hoaxes and for founding the Barnum & Bailey Circus. He was also an author, publisher, and philanthropist, though he said of himself: "I am a showman by profession... and all the gilding shall make nothing else of me". According to his critics, his personal aim was "to put money in his own coffers." He is widely credited with coining the adage "There's a sucker born every minute", although no proof can be found of him saying this. Barnum became a small business owner in his early twenties and founded a weekly newspaper before moving to New York City in 1834. He embarked on an entertainment career, first with a variety troupe called "Barnum's Grand Scientific and Musical Theater", and soon after by purchasing Scudder's American Museum which he renamed after himself.
|Born:||Phineas Taylor Barnum, July 5, 1810, Bethel, Connecticut, U.S.|
|Died:||April 7, 1891, Bridgeport, Connecticut, U.S.|
|Resting place:||Mountain Grove Cemetery, Bridgeport|
|Political party:||Democratic (1824–1854), Republican (1854–1891)|
|Occupation:||Showman, entrepreneur (entertainment as founder and promotor), politician, author, publisher, philanthropist|
About PT Barnum
Legendary showman and prankster who founded the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus. Earlier in his career, he ran a museum which he used to display hoaxes and human curiosities such as General Tom Thumb and Commodore Nutt.
PT Barnum Before Fame
He founded a local weekly newspaper and other small businesses in his early years. In 1842, he introduced his first major hoax, a creature with the head of a monkey and the tail of a fish, known as the "Feejee" mermaid.
Achievement of PT Barnum
He served two terms in the Connecticut legislature in 1865 as a Republican for Fairfield and strongly supported the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment, which ended slavery.
PT Barnum Family Life
He married Charity Hallet at age 19. He had three children. His father Philo was an inn keeper, tailor and store-keeper.
Associations of PT Barnum
He tried to buy William Shakespeare's home.
Information related to P. T. Barnum
- Barnum effect - The Barnum effect, also called the Forer effect or, less commonly, the Barnum–Forer effect, is a common psychological phenomenon whereby individuals give high accuracy ratings to descriptions of their personality that supposedly are tailored specifically to them, yet which are in fact vague and...
- Barnum's Aquarial Gardens , Boston, Massachusetts (1862–1863).
- Cardiff Giant - The Cardiff Giant was one of the most famous hoaxes in American history. It was a 10-foot-tall purported "petrified man" uncovered on October 16, 1869, by workers digging a well behind the barn of William C. "Stub" Newell in Cardiff, New York.
- Carl Hagenbeck - Carl Hagenbeck was a German merchant of wild animals who supplied many European zoos, as well as P. T. Barnum. He created the modern zoo with animal enclosures without bars that were closer to their natural habitat.
- Colonel Routh Goshen - Routh Goshen, born Arthur James Caley was most commonly known as Colonel Routh Goshen or the Arabian Giant or the Palestine Giant. He was billed as the tallest man in the world at 7 ft, 11 inches and 620 pounds but was most likely no more than 7 ft, 5 inches and 400 pounds.
- Fedor Jeftichew - Fedor Adrianovich Jeftichew, better known as Jo-Jo the Dog-Faced Boy, was a famous Russian sideshow performer who was brought to the United States of America in 1884 by P.T. Barnum.
- Burials at Mountain Grove Cemetery, Bridgeport
- Mayors of Bridgeport, Connecticut
- Members of the Universalist Church of America
- Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
- American entertainment industry businesspeople
- Connecticut Republicans
- Connecticut Democrats
- 19th-century American people
- Members of the Connecticut House of Representatives
- American abolitionists
- American slave owners