Rosamond Soong Ching-ling was a Chinese political figure. As the third wife of Sun Yat-sen, one of the leaders of the 1911 revolution that established the Republic of China, she was often referred to as Madame Sun Yat-sen. She was a member of the Soong family and, together with her siblings, played a prominent role in China's politics prior to and after 1949. After the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, she held several prominent positions in the new government, including Vice Chairman and Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, travelled abroad during the early 1950s, representing her country at a number of international events. During the Cultural Revolution, however, she was heavily criticized. Following the purge of President Liu Shaoqi in 1968, she and Dong Biwu as Vice Presidents became de facto Heads of State of China until 1972, when Dong was appointed Acting President.
|Born:||January 27, 1893, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Qing Empire|
|Died:||May 29, 1981, Beijing, People's Republic of China|
|Cause of death:||Leukemia|
|Political party:||Kuomintang, Communist International, Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang, Communist Party of China|
|Parents:||Charlie Soong and Ni Kwei-tseng|
|Alma mater:||Wesleyan College|
About Soong Ching-ling
Second wife of the leader of the 1911 revolution that established the Republic of China, Sun Yat-sen. She played a role in China's politics and became known as the mother of modern China. She would serve as the Vice President of China between 1959 and 1975.
She was elected to the KMT Central Executive Committee following the death of her husband Sun Yat-sen who was 26 years her senior. She left China for Russia after the expulsion of the Communists from the KMT in 1927, but returned permanently in 1931.
She held political positions of Vice Chairperson of the Central People's Government, Vice Chairperson of the National People's Congress, Vice Chairperson of the People's Republic of China and Chairperson of the People's Republic of China.
She was the second of six children born to Charlie Soong in Chuansha, Pudong, Shanghai.
Maggie Cheung portrayed her in the movie The Soong Sisters.
Information related to Soong Ching-ling
- History of the Republic of China - The History of the Republic of China begins after the Qing dynasty in 1912, when the formation of the Republic of China as a constitutional republic put an end to 4,000 years of imperial rule. The Manchu-led Qing dynasty ruled China proper from 1644 to 1912.
- Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang - The Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang is one of eight registered minor political parties in the People's Republic of China.
- He Xiangning (wife of Liao Zhongkai ).
- Soong sisters - The Soong sisters were three Shanghainese Chinese women who were, along with their husbands, amongst China's most significant political figures of the early 20th century.
- Soong Ai-ling - Soong Ai-ling, legally Soong E-ling or Eling Soong was the eldest of the Soong sisters and the wife of H. H. Kung, who was the richest man in the early 20th century Republic of China. The first character of her given name is written as 靄 in some texts. Her Christian name was Nancy.
- Soong Mei-ling - Soong Mei-ling or, legally, Soong May-ling, also known as Madame Chiang Kai-shek or Madame Chiang, was a Chinese political figure who was First Lady of the Republic of China, the wife of Generalissimo and President Chiang Kai-shek.
- Vice Presidents of the People's Republic of China
- Wesleyan College alumni
- Republic of China politicians from Shanghai
- Women leaders of China
- Vice Chairpersons of the National People's Congress
- Sun Yat-sen family
- Presidents of the People's Republic of China
- Chinese Methodists
- Communist Party of China politicians from Shanghai
- Stalin Peace Prize recipients
- People's Republic of China politicians from Shanghai
- Female heads of state