Edward I, also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots, was King of England from 1272 to 1307. Before his accession to the throne, he was commonly referred to as The Lord Edward. The first son of Henry III, Edward was involved from an early age in the political intrigues of his father's reign, which included an outright rebellion by the English barons. In 1259, he briefly sided with a baronial reform movement, supporting the Provisions of Oxford. After reconciliation with his father, however, he remained loyal throughout the subsequent armed conflict, known as the Second Barons' War. After the Battle of Lewes, Edward was hostage to the rebellious barons, but escaped after a few months and defeated the baronial leader Simon de Montfort at the Battle of Evesham in 1265. Within two years the rebellion was extinguished and, with England pacified, Edward joined the Ninth Crusade to the Holy Land. He was on his way home in 1272 when he was informed that his father had died.
|Born:||17 or 18 June 1239, Palace of Westminster, London, England|
|Died:||July 7, 1307, Burgh by Sands, Cumberland, England|
|Burial:||27 October 1307, Westminster Abbey, London, England|
|Issue, among others:||Henry, Eleanor, Countess of Bar, Joan, Countess of Hertford, Alphonso, Earl of Chester, Margaret, Duchess of Brabant, Mary of Woodstock, Elizabeth, Countess of Hereford, Edward II, King of England, Thomas, Earl of Norfolk, Edmund, Earl of Kent|
|Father:||Henry III of England|
|Mother:||Eleanor of Provence|
About Edward I of England
King of England from 1272 to 1307 who subjected Wales to English rule, built a series of castles and towns in the countryside, and settled them with Englishmen.
He was hostage during the Second Barons' War but escaped after a few months and joined the fight against Simon de Montfort.
He issued the Edict of Expulsion in 1290, which expelled the Jews from England.
His father was King Henry III and was married to Eleanor of Castile from 1254 to 1290.
He was king a century after Henry II of England was.
Information related to Edward I of England
- Edward I of England Category
- Cultural depictions of Edward I of England - Edward I of England has been portrayed in popular culture a number of times.
- Competitors for the Crown of Scotland
- Christians of the Ninth Crusade
- Christians of the Eighth Crusade
- Earls of Chester
- People of the Barons' Wars
- Antisemitism in England
- English people of the Wars of Scottish Independence
- 13th-century peers of France
- 14th-century peers of France
- High Sheriffs of Bedfordshire
- Anglo-Normans in Wales
- Lords Warden of the Cinque Ports
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- House of Plantagenet
- Burials at Westminster Abbey