James Addison Baker III is an American attorney, statesman, and political figure. He served as White House Chief of Staff and United States Secretary of the Treasury under President Ronald Reagan, and as U.S. Secretary of State and White House Chief of Staff under President George H. W. Bush. Born in Houston, Baker attended The Hill School and Princeton University before serving in the United States Marine Corps. After graduating from the University of Texas School of Law, he pursued a legal career. He became a close friend of George H. W. Bush and worked for Bush's unsuccessful 1970 campaign for the United States Senate. After the campaign, he served in various positions for President Richard Nixon. In 1975, he was appointed Under Secretary of Commerce for Gerald Ford. He served until May 1976, ran Ford's 1976 presidential campaign, and unsuccessfully sought election as the Attorney General of Texas.
|Born||James Addison Baker III, April 28, 1930, Houston, Texas, U.S.|
|Political party||Democratic (before 1970), Republican (1970–present)|
|Education||Princeton University (BA), University of Texas at Austin (LLB)|
|President||George H. W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Samuel K. Skinner|
|Succeeded by||Mack McLarty|
|IMDb||James Baker's IMDb|
American politician who served as Chief of Staf for Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush as well as Secretary of State for the latter. He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1991 for his years of dedicated civil service.
He considered himself apolitical, and was more focused on his law career, before getting involved in politics through his wife.
He was Secretary of the Treasury during Ronald Reagan's second term, and was the co-chairman of the Iraq Study Group, examining American policy in the region.
He met his future wife, Mary Stuart McHenry, on spring break in Bermuda; the two wed in 1953.
He served as the chief legal advisor to George W. Bush during the election recounts of 2000.
- The Kinkaid School alumni
- George H. W. Bush administration cabinet members
- United States Under Secretaries of Commerce
- Reagan administration cabinet members
- White House Chiefs of Staff
- United States Secretaries of State
- United States Secretaries of the Treasury
- Writers from Houston
- American campaign managers
- The Hill School alumni
- United States Marine Corps reservists
- University of Texas School of Law alumni
- Texas lawyers
- Presidential Medal of Freedom recipients
Latest information about James Baker updated on June 14 2021.