Rutherford Birchard Hayes was an American politician and attorney who served as the 19th president of the United States from 1877 to 1881, after serving in the U.S. House of Representatives and as governor of Ohio. A lawyer and staunch abolitionist, he had defended refugee slaves in court proceedings during the antebellum years. He negotiated the political agreement to end federal support of Reconstruction. An attorney in Ohio, Hayes served as city solicitor of Cincinnati from 1858 to 1861. At the start of the Civil War, he left a fledgling political career to join the Union Army as an officer. Hayes was wounded five times, most seriously at the Battle of South Mountain in 1862. He earned a reputation for bravery in combat and was promoted to the rank of brevet major general. After the war, he served in Congress from 1865 to 1867 as a Republican. Hayes left Congress to run for governor of Ohio and was elected to two consecutive terms, from 1868 to 1872.
|Born:||Rutherford Birchard Hayes, October 04, 1822, Delaware, Ohio, U.S.|
|Died:||January 17, 1893, Fremont, Ohio, U.S.|
|Resting place:||Spiegel Grove State Park|
|Political party:||Whig (until 1854), Republican (1854–1893)|
|Children:||8, including Webb C. Hayes and Rutherford P. Hayes|
|Education:||Kenyon College (BA), Harvard University (LLB)|
|Vice President:||William A. Wheeler|
|Preceded by:||Ulysses S. Grant|
|Succeeded by:||James A. Garfield|
About Rutherford B. Hayes
The 19th President of the United States, he ended Reconstruction and initiated the beginnings of civil service reform.
Rutherford B. Hayes Before Fame
He opened several law offices in Columbus, Ohio, and Cincinnati, Ohio.
Achievement of Rutherford B. Hayes
His presidential election was one of the most closely contested in history and resulted in the Compromise of 1877, in which the Democrats acquiesced him the election. He in turn agreed to end all federal army intervention in Southern politics, thus ending Reconstruction once and for all.
Rutherford B. Hayes Family Life
His first cousin was the founder of the Oneida Community, John Humphrey Noyes.
Associations of Rutherford B. Hayes
His wife, Lucy Webb Hayes, ran an alcohol-free White House, becoming known as Lemonade Lucy.
Information related to Rutherford B. Hayes
- Rutherford B. Hayes Category
- 1870s in the United States
- Ohio State University trustees
- 1880s in the United States
- Republican Party Presidents of the United States
- Republican Party (United States) presidential nominees
- Presidents of the United States
- City and town attorneys in the United States
- Governors of Ohio
- 19th-century Methodists
- Burials in Ohio
- Sons of the American Revolution
- Kenyon College alumni
- People of Ohio in the American Civil War
- Members of the American Antiquarian Society
- American abolitionists
- Members of the United States House of Representatives from Ohio
- Ohio lawyers